Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Selecting umbrella species as mammal biodiversity indicators in tropical forest

Ardiantiono, Ardiantiono, Deere, Nicolas J., Ramadiyanta, Eka, Sibarani, Marsya, Hadi, Adhi Nurul, Andayani, Noviar, Ginting, Yosia, Bull, Joseph, Struebig, Matthew J. (2024) Selecting umbrella species as mammal biodiversity indicators in tropical forest. Biological Conservation, . ISSN 0006-3207. (In press) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:105020)

PDF Author's Accepted Manuscript
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only

Contact us about this Publication
[thumbnail of 1. Accepted. Ardiantiono et al. Umbrella species.pdf]


Conservation managers often monitor umbrella species as indicators of broader biodiversity patterns, but this assumption is seldom evaluated due to lack of survey data and objective umbrella criteria. We evaluated the performance of eight candidate umbrella species in representing broader patterns of mammal biodiversity in Sumatra, Indonesia, using a comprehensive camera trap dataset from the island’s largest remaining tropical rainforest. We employed an occupancy modeling framework to quantify the association between species-level occupancy and four community-level biodiversity parameters while accounting for imperfect detection. Sambar deer and clouded leopard were consistently ranked the top umbrellas. Areas where these species were prevalent were associated with higher levels of community occupancy, species richness, functional and phylogenetic diversity. Sumatran tiger and rhino were among the lower ranked umbrellas, and inadequately represented other biodiversity parameters despite being the main subjects of monitoring. Our results demonstrate that the occurrence status of charismatic species commonly regarded as umbrellas does not necessarily represent broader patterns of biodiversity. Species that are frequently overlooked by conservation decision-making may better represent overall mammal diversity. We advocate utilizing umbrella fleets with multiple species monitored to better represent biodiversity patterns, and encourage broader application of our data-driven framework to assess umbrella species performance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH541 Ecology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Funders: Leverhulme Trust (
Depositing User: Matthew Struebig
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2024 17:36 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2024 13:15 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.