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Improving well-being and reducing deforestation in Indonesia's protected areas

Morgans, Courtney L., Jago, Sophie, Andayani, Noviar, Linkie, Matthew, Lo, Michaela, Mumbunan, Sonny, St. John, Freya A.V., Supriatna, Jatna, Voigt, Maria, Winarni, Nurul, and others. (2024) Improving well-being and reducing deforestation in Indonesia's protected areas. Conservation Letters, . Article Number e13010. E-ISSN 1755-263X. (doi:10.1111/conl.13010) (KAR id:104988)

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Protected areas (PAs) are central to sustainability targets, yet few evaluations explore outcomes for both conservation and development, or the trade-offs involved. We applied counterfactual analyses to assess the extent to which PAs maintained forest cover and influenced well-being across 31,000 villages in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia. We examined multidimensional aspects of well-being, tracking education, health, living standards, infrastructure, environment, and social cohesion in treatment and control villages between 2005 and 2018. Overall, PAs were effective at maintaining forest cover compared to matched controls and were not detrimental to well-being. However, impacts were highly heterogeneous, varying by island, and strictness of protection. While health, living standards, and infrastructure aspects of well being improved, education access, environmental conditions and social cohesion declined. Our analysis reveals the contexts through which individual PAs succeed or fail in delivering multiple benefits, and provides insights to where further on-ground support is needed to achieve conservation and development objectives.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/conl.13010
Uncontrolled keywords: counterfactual, evaluation, poverty, Sumatra, tropical forest, Kalimantan
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Funders: Leverhulme Trust (
European Research Council (
Depositing User: Matthew Struebig
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2024 09:24 UTC
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 01:29 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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