Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Exploring health care disparities in genetic testing and research for hereditary cardiomyopathy: current state and future perspectives

Huang, Helen, Verma, Jay, Mok, Valerie, Bharadwaj, Hareesha R, Alrawashdeh, Maen M, Aratikatla, Adarsh, Sudan, Sourav, Talukder, Suprateeka, Habaka, Minatoullah, Tse, Gary, and others. (2024) Exploring health care disparities in genetic testing and research for hereditary cardiomyopathy: current state and future perspectives. Global medical genetics, 11 (1). pp. 36-47. E-ISSN 2699-9404. (doi:10.1055/s-0044-1779469) (KAR id:104936)



Hereditary cardiomyopathies are commonly occurring myocardial conditions affecting heart structure and function with a genetic or familial association, but the etiology is often unknown. Cardiomyopathies are linked to significant mortality, requiring robust risk stratification with genetic testing and early diagnosis.


We hypothesized that health care disparities exist in genetic testing for hereditary cardiomyopathies within clinical practice and research studies.


In a narrative fashion, we conducted a literature search with online databases such as PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Science Direct on papers related to hereditary cardiomyopathies. A comprehensive analysis of findings from articles in English on disparities in diagnostics and treatment was grouped into four categories.


Racial and ethnic disparities in research study enrollment and health care delivery favor White populations and higher socioeconomic status, resulting in differences in the development and implementation of effective genetic screening. Such disparities have shown to be detrimental, as minorities often suffer from disease progression to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Barriers related to clinical genetic testing included insurance-related issues and health illiteracy. The underrepresentation of minority populations extends to research methodologies, as testing in ethnic minorities resulted in a significantly lower detection rate and diagnostic yield, as well as a higher likelihood of misclassification of variants.


Prioritizing minority-based participatory research programs and screening protocols can address systemic disparities. Diversifying research studies can improve risk stratification strategies and impact clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1055/s-0044-1779469
Uncontrolled keywords: hereditary cardiomyopathy; disparities; genetic testing; diversity; ethnic representation
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Kent and Medway Medical School
Funders: University of Kent (
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2024 12:15 UTC
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2024 11:16 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.