Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Geographical and cognitive proximity effects on innovation performance: Which types of proximity for which types of innovation?

Garcia Martinez, Marian, Zouaghi, Ferdaous, Sanchez Garcia, Mercedes (2024) Geographical and cognitive proximity effects on innovation performance: Which types of proximity for which types of innovation? European Management Review, . ISSN 1740-4754. E-ISSN 1740-4762. (doi:10.1111/emre.12641) (KAR id:104931)

PDF Publisher pdf
Language: English

Download this file
[thumbnail of European Management Review - 2024 - Garcia Martinez - Geographical and cognitive proximity effects on innovation.pdf]
Request a format suitable for use with assistive technology e.g. a screenreader
PDF Author's Accepted Manuscript
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
Contact us about this Publication
[thumbnail of M. Garcia - geographical and cognitive proximity effects on innovation performance - AAM.pdf]
Official URL:


The purpose of the paper is to explore the multi-dimensional and intersecting nature of proximity to drive innovation performance. Applying a multi-dimensional proximity framework, the study provides deeper understanding of the importance of substitution and overlap mechanisms in the relation between geographical and cognitive proximity dimensions in innovation performance. The paper further analyses the moderation effect of organisational innovation in this relationship. Multivariate analysis proves the interaction effects between geographical and cognitive proximity, where cognitive proximity both substitutes and complements geographical proximity. However, external knowledge search for innovation along proximity dimensions differs depending on the type of innovation. Our findings corroborate the proximity paradox caused by lock-in effects with the optimal level of proximity influenced by the interdependencies between proximity dimensions. This inverse U-shaped relationship is flatter for firms that have adopted organizational innovation. External knowledge linkages should be tailored to the favourable characteristic of proximity to enhance firm innovation performance.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/emre.12641
Uncontrolled keywords: Geographical proximity; cognitive proximity, Innovation performance; organizational innovation; substitution; overlap; proximity paradox
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Department of Marketing, Entrepreneurship and International Business
Funders: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (
Depositing User: Marian Garcia
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2024 14:28 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 16:02 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Garcia Martinez, Marian.

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.