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Reflecting on the role of human‐felid conflict and local use in big cat trade

Arias, Melissa, Coals, Peter, Ardiantiono, Ardiantiono, Elves‐Powell, Joshua, Rizzolo, Jessica Bell, Ghoddousi, Arash, Boron, Valeria, da Silva, Mariana, Naude, Vincent, Williams, Vivienne, and others. (2024) Reflecting on the role of human‐felid conflict and local use in big cat trade. Conservation Science and Practice, 6 (1). Article Number e13030. E-ISSN 2578-4854. (doi:10.1111/csp2.13030) (KAR id:104792)


Illegal trade in big cat (Panthera spp.) body parts is a prominent topic in scientific and public discourses concerning wildlife conservation. While illegal trade is generally acknowledged as a threat to big cat species, we suggest that two enabling factors have, to date, been under‐considered. To that end, we discuss the roles of human‐felid conflict, and “local” use in illegal trade in big cat body parts. Drawing examples from across species and regions, we look at generalities, contextual subtleties, ambiguities, and definitional complexities. We caution against underestimating the extent of “local” use of big cats and highlight the potential of conflict killings to supply body parts.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/csp2.13030
Additional information: For the purpose of open access, the author(s) has applied a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) licence to any Author Accepted Manuscript version arising
Uncontrolled keywords: conflict; illegal trade; jaguar; leopard; lion; Panthera; snow leopard; tiger; wildlife crime
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Funders: Leverhulme Trust (
Natural Environment Research Council (
Research England (
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2024 12:50 UTC
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 12:21 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Ardiantiono, Ardiantiono.

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