Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Evolution of Subnational Foreign Economic Relations in Nigeria

Omiunu, Ohiocheoya, Aniyie, Ifeanyichukwu Azuka (2018) Evolution of Subnational Foreign Economic Relations in Nigeria. South African Journal of International Affairs, 25 (3). pp. 365-392. ISSN 1022-0461. (doi:10.1080/10220461.2018.1526111) (KAR id:104473)


In the current dispensation of civilian rule in Nigeria (1999- present), her subnational governments (SNGs) have increasingly been engaging in economic activities which impact how Nigeria conducts her international economic interactions. This emerging trend is at variance with the existing legal provisions under the 1999 Nigerian constitution, which preclude SNGs from this policy space. This paper examines the evolution of the constitutional framework for SNG involvement in Nigeria’s foreign economic relations since independence. It is the argument in this paper that the exclusion of SNGs from foreign affairs under the 1999 constitution is a departure from the original configuration at independence. It is further argued that the recent episodes of SNG involvement in international economic activities are occurring despite the constitutional restrictions due to external factors such as globalization and internal factors such as the growing need among SNGs to find alternative ways to fund their economic development objectives.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/10220461.2018.1526111
Uncontrolled keywords: foreign affairs federalism; constitutionalism; subnational governments; globalization; military rule
Subjects: K Law > KZ Law of Nations
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > Kent Law School
Funders: De Montfort University (
Depositing User: Ohiocheoya Omiunu
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2024 11:24 UTC
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2024 15:27 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.