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The future of surrogacy: a review of current global trends and national landscapes

Horsey, Kirsty (2023) The future of surrogacy: a review of current global trends and national landscapes. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 48 (5). Article Number 103764. ISSN 1472-6483. (doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2023.103764) (KAR id:104229)

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The practice of surrogacy is frequently the subject of media, scientific, social, regulatory and policy attention. Though it is, for many, an accepted form of assisted reproduction for those who would otherwise not be able to have children, surrogacy often generates strong feeling, particularly where there is any possibility of exploitation. Therefore, there is disagreement about how it should be regulated. In some countries, surrogacy is prohibited in any form, though this does not stop people using it. In others, it is unregulated but still practised. In some nations it is regulated in either a ‘commercial’ or ‘altruistic’ model. This review article considers the possible regulatory future of surrogacy, initially from a UK perspective considering a recent review of the legal framework in a country where surrogacy works well (though some cross borders to access it), and then through an assessment of global trends and other national perspectives. It concludes that international regulation of surrogacy, though potentially desirable, is unlikely. This being the case, it would be preferable for individual nations to regulate surrogacy so it can be undertaken in ways that are safe, ethical and protective of the best interests of children, surrogates, intended parents and families.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2023.103764
Uncontrolled keywords: surrogacy, altruistic surrogacy, commercial surrogacy, regulation
Subjects: K Law
K Law > K Law (General)
K Law > KD England and Wales
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > Kent Law School
Funders: University of Kent (
Depositing User: Kirsty Horsey
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2023 16:09 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 14:06 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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