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Better alignment between circadian preference and sleep and work timings during COVID-19 did not benefit work engagement at home

Crowley, Rebecca, Javadi, Amir-Homayoun, Tamminen, Jakke (2023) Better alignment between circadian preference and sleep and work timings during COVID-19 did not benefit work engagement at home. Chronobiology international, . ISSN 0742-0528. E-ISSN 1525-6073. (In press) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:103111)

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Abstract

Modern society is structured around early routines which cause evening types to suffer from health and performance detriments associated with sleep times being misaligned with biological needs (circadian preference). Given that COVID-19 lockdowns were less constrained by social schedules, the current study explores whether temporal behaviours became better aligned with biological needs, and whether these changes benefited work engagement. 406 UK participants reported circadian preference and pre-lockdown and lockdown sleep times, work times, and work engagement. Results found that sleep health improved under lockdown measures in terms of increased sleep duration and reduced social jetlag, and sleep and work times became better aligned with circadian preferences. The most circadian-misaligned participants – students and young adults – exhibited the largest changes to sleep and work habits. However, work engagement decreased more in participants with improved social jetlag and delayed work habits, which is surprising given that these temporal changes reflect improved circadian alignment. We discuss potential moderators including poor sleep quality, non-engaging work-from-home environments, and mental health. These

findings have implications for encouraging flexible educational and employment schedules post-COVID-19 to satisfy the common drive to improve circadian alignment, but future work must determine the moderating factors that impair work engagement during remote work.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: sleep; circadian alignment; chronotype; entrainment; work engagement; COVID - 19
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Funders: University of Kent (https://ror.org/00xkeyj56)
Depositing User: Amir-Homayoun Javadi
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 09:38 UTC
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2024 04:10 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/103111 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Javadi, Amir-Homayoun.

Creator's ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0569-6441
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