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Identifying species likely threatened by international trade on the IUCN Red List can inform CITES trade measures

Challender, Daniel W. S., Cremona, Patricia J., Malsch, Kelly, Robinson, Janine E, Pavitt, Alyson T., Scott, Janet, Hoffmann, Rachel, Joolia, Ackbar, Oldfield, Thomasina E. E., Jenkins, Richard K. B., and others. (2023) Identifying species likely threatened by international trade on the IUCN Red List can inform CITES trade measures. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 7 (8). pp. 1211-1220. ISSN 2397-334X. (doi:10.1038/s41559-023-02115-8) (KAR id:103094)

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Overexploitation is a major threat to biodiversity and international trade in many species is regulated through the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). However, there is no established method to systematically determine which species are most at risk from international trade to inform potential trade measures under CITES. Here, we develop a mechanism using the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species to identify species that are likely to be threatened by international trade. Of 2,211 such species, CITES includes 59% (1,307 species), leaving two-fifths overlooked and in potential need of international trade regulation. Our results can inform deliberations on potential proposals to revise trade measures for species at CITES Conference of the Parties meetings. We also show that, for taxa with biological resource use documented as a threat, the number of species threatened by local and national use is four times greater than species likely threatened by international trade. To effectively address the overexploitation of species, interventions focused on achieving sustainability in international trade need to be complemented by commensurate measures to ensure that local and national use and trade of wildlife is well-regulated and sustainable.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/s41559-023-02115-8
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Funders: UK Research and Innovation (
Rufford Foundation (
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2023 15:46 UTC
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2024 11:39 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Robinson, Janine E.

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