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Clinico-Pathological Factors Determining Recurrence of Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast: The 25-Year Experience at a Tertiary Cancer Centre

Sain, Baijaeek, Gupta, Arnab, Ghose, Aruni, Halder, Sudip, Mukherjee, Vishal, Bhattacharya, Samir, Mondal, Radha Raman, Sen, Aditya Narayan, Saha, Bijan, Roy, Shravasti, and others. (2023) Clinico-Pathological Factors Determining Recurrence of Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast: The 25-Year Experience at a Tertiary Cancer Centre. Journal of Personalized Medicine, 13 (5). Article Number 866. ISSN 2075-4426. (doi:10.3390/jpm13050866) (KAR id:101533)


Background: Phyllodes tumors (PTs) of the breast are rare fibroepithelial tumors that are generally more prone to recurrence.Aims and objectivesThis study aimed to assess the clinicopathological features, diagnostic modalities, and therapeutic interventions, along with their respective outcomes, to identify the factors associated with a recurrence of PTs of the breast.MethodologyA retrospective cohort and observational study was conducted, which entailed analyzing the clinicopathological data of patients who were previously diagnosed or presented with PTs of the breast between 1996 and 2021. Data included the total number of patients diagnosed with PTs of the breast and their ages, tumor grade on initial biopsy, tumor location (left or right breast), tumor size, therapeutic interventions carried out (including surgery-either mastectomy or lumpectomy-and adjuvant radiotherapy), final tumor grade, recurrence status, type of recurrence, and time to recurrence.ResultsWe analyzed data on a total of 87 patients who were pathologically proven to have PTs, and 46 patients (52.87%) were found to have recurrences. All patients were female, with a mean age at diagnosis of 39 years (range 15-70). Patients aged 40 years, with a rate of recurrence of 45.65% (n = 21/46). A total of 55.4% of patients presented with primary PTs and 44.6% had recurrent PTs at presentation. The average time to local recurrence (LR) from the completion of treatment was 13.8 months, whereas for systemic recurrence (SR), it was 15.29 months. Surgery (mastectomy/lumpectomy) was the major determinant for local recurrence (p ConclusionPatients who received adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) had a minimal recurrence of PTs. Patients who were found to have a malignant biopsy on initial diagnosis (triple assessment) had a higher incidence of PTs and were more prone to SR than LR. Surgery was a determining factor in the increased rate of LR, with lumpectomy associated with a higher incidence of LR than mastectomy.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3390/jpm13050866
Uncontrolled keywords: Breast, Surgery, Metastasis, Systemic, Recurrence, Local, Phyllodes
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Kent and Medway Medical School
Funders: University of Kent (
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2023 11:26 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2023 11:28 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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