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Circulation and colonisation of Blastocystis subtypes in schoolchildren of various ethnicities in rural northern Thailand

McCain, Abby, Gruneck, Lucsame, Popluechai, Siam, Tsaousis, Anastasios D., Gentekaki, Eleni (2023) Circulation and colonisation of Blastocystis subtypes in schoolchildren of various ethnicities in rural northern Thailand. Epidemiology and Infection, 151 . Article Number e85. ISSN 1469-4409. (doi:10.1017/S0950268823000596) (KAR id:101444)


is a protist of controversial pathogenicity inhabiting the gut of humans and other animals. Despite a century of intense study, understanding of the epidemiology of remains fragmentary. Here, we aimed to explore its prevalence, stability of colonisation and association with various factors in a rural elementary school in northern Thailand. One hundred and forty faecal samples were collected from 104 children at two time points (tp) 105 days apart. For tp2, samples were also obtained from 15 animals residing on campus and seven water locations. Prevalence in children was 67% at tp1 and 89% at tp2, 63% in chickens, 86% in pigs, and 57% in water. Ten STs were identified, two of which were shared between humans and animals, one between animals and water, and three between humans and water. Eighteen children (out of 36) carried the same ST over both time points, indicating stable colonisation. Presence of (or ST) was not associated with body mass index, ethnicity, birth delivery mode, or milk source as an infant. This study advances understanding of prevalence in an understudied age group, the role of the environment in transmission, and the ability of specific STs to stably colonise children.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1017/S0950268823000596
Uncontrolled keywords: Prevalence, Genetic Variation, Swine, Thailand - epidemiology, Blastocystis Infections - epidemiology - veterinary, Humans, colonisation, subtyping, Chickens, Child, One Health, Phylogeny, Water, BMI, Blastocystis - genetics, Feces - microbiology, DNA, Protozoan, Ethnicity, children, Blastocystis, Animals
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Biosciences
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 30 May 2023 13:40 UTC
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2023 08:27 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Tsaousis, Anastasios D..

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