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Unpackaging the link between economic inequality and self-construal

Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ángel, Uskul, Ayse K., Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa, Willis, Guillermo B., Vignoles, Vivian L., Krys, Kuba, Adamovic, Mladen, Akotia, Charity S., Albert, Isabelle, Appoh, Lily, and others. (2023) Unpackaging the link between economic inequality and self-construal. Self and Identity, 22 (5). pp. 713-739. ISSN 1529-8876. (doi:10.1080/15298868.2023.2200032) (KAR id:101037)


Past research has shown that economic inequality shapes individuals’ self-construals. However, it has been unclear which dimensions of self-construal are associated with and affected by economic inequality. A correlational (Study 1: N = 264) and an experimental study (Study 2: N = 532) provided converging evidence linking perceived economic inequality with two forms of independent (vs. interdependent) self-construal: Difference from Others and Self-Reliance. In Study 3 (N = 12,634) societal differences in objective economic inequality across 48 nations predicted feelings of Difference from Others, but not Self-Reliance. Importantly, we found no significant associations of economic inequality with the other six dimensions of self-construal. Our findings help extend previous results linking economic inequality to forms of “social distance.”

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/15298868.2023.2200032
Uncontrolled keywords: Economic inequality; multidimensional self-construal; independence; interdependence
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Funders: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (
National Natural Science Foundation of China (
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2023 09:39 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2024 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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