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A Descriptive Model of Voyeuristic Behavior

Lister, Victoria P. M., Gannon, Theresa A. (2023) A Descriptive Model of Voyeuristic Behavior. Sexual Abuse, 36 (3). pp. 320-348. ISSN 1573-286X. (doi:10.1177/10790632231168072) (KAR id:100891)


Over the last 50 years, there has been a plethora of research exploring sexual offending with a recent focus on online offending. However, little research has focused on voyeurism despite convictions and media awareness growing rapidly. Currently, there is sparse theoretical or empirical literature to guide research and practice for individuals engaging in voyeuristic behaviors. As such, 17 incarcerated men with a conviction of voyeurism in the UK were interviewed on the cognitive, affective, behavioral, and contextual factors leading up to and surrounding their offense(s). Grounded theory analyses were used to develop a temporal model from background factors to post-offense factors; the Descriptive Model of Voyeuristic Behavior (DMV). The model highlights vulnerability factors for men engaging in voyeuristic behaviors in this sample. Following this, the same 17 men were plotted through the model and three key pathways were identified: Sexual Gratification, Maladaptive Connection Seeking, and Access to Inappropriate Person(s). The characteristics of each pathway are discussed, and treatment implications considered.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/10790632231168072
Uncontrolled keywords: Psychiatry and Mental health, General Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Funders: University of Kent (
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2023 14:10 UTC
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2024 09:52 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Lister, Victoria P. M..

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Gannon, Theresa A..

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