McGill, P. and Murphy, G. and Kelly-Pike, A. (2009) Frequency of use and characteristics of people with intellectual disabilities subject to physical interventions. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 22 (2). pp. 152-158. ISSN 1360-2322 .
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Background The use of physical intervention (PI) with people with intellectual disabilities continues to cause concern. This study sought to clarify the frequency and circumstances of PI use and gather data on the characteristics of individuals subject to PI. Method Data on individuals subject to PI were gathered by postal questionnaire completed by service providers from three samples: people who (a) had attended a PI conference and/or purchased a PI policy document; (b) operated in a specific geographical area of England and (c) operated specialist assessment and treatment settings for children/adults with intellectual disabilities throughout the UK. Results Frequent PI use was reported. Restraint was most commonly reported - monthly or more frequently with most individuals. Overall, those receiving PI were more likely to be young, male, not legally restricted and identified as having an autistic spectrum disorder than those who did not receive PI. Conclusions The relatively frequent use of PI is consistent with routine rather than last resort use. Such use carries risk of physical and psychological damage. Service providers should systematically reduce the frequency of use of PI.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||challenging behaviour; physical interventions|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV3008 Mental handicap and social care
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Tizard|
|Depositing User:||Peter McGill|
|Date Deposited:||20 Nov 2009 12:14|
|Last Modified:||20 Nov 2009 12:14|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/20882 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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