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Through the Trauma Lens: A Systematic Review of the Role of Trauma in the Development Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in At-risk and Gang-involved Males

Beresford, Hayley, Wood, Jane L. (2017) Through the Trauma Lens: A Systematic Review of the Role of Trauma in the Development Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in At-risk and Gang-involved Males. Aggression and Violent Behavior, . ISSN 1359-1789. (Submitted) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)

Abstract

The purpose of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate and synthesize national and international studies that examine the relationship between trauma exposure and internalizing and externalizing symptoms in at-risk and gang-involved young males. There is an established and growing corpus of research examining the effects of trauma exposure in juvenile delinquents, but this does not include the specific study of gang members who – through their shared gang norms and links to violence – may be at greater risk of exposure to potentially traumatizing events (PTEs) and the adverse consequences associated with this e.g. mental health problems and violent crime. It is therefore important to apply what we know about the trauma sequelae of non-gang delinquents to inform and develop a program of research dedicated to mapping the trauma pathways of gang-involved males. To this end a systematic literature search was conducted utilizing Academic Search Complete, Criminal Justice Abstracts, Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Scopus, Web of Science (from the databases’ inception to 09/03/2016). The search yielded n = 52 peer-reviewed papers and n = 20 unpublished theses. A narrative synthesis revealed that trauma exposure is associated with negative internalizing and externalizing symptoms in both at-risk and gang-involved males. However, given the sparse research examining trauma and its consequences in gang members it is still too early to tell whether gang members' involvement in violence and subsequent trauma is a risk factor for membership or a consequence. Clinical and research recommendations were made to inform early intervention, policy and practice

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Gang membership, juvenile delinquents, mental health, PTSD, trauma, violence exposure
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2017 11:49 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 19:57 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/64901 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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