The violence of gang members, gang affiliates and violent men: differentiating attitudes, victim types, and locations

Wood, Jane L. and Constantinou, Costas and Coid, Jeremy (2017) The violence of gang members, gang affiliates and violent men: differentiating attitudes, victim types, and locations. Aggressive Behavior, . ISSN 0096-140X. (Submitted) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Little is known about gang members’ violence outside the gang arena and even less has compared the violent behaviour of gang members, gang affiliates (associate with gangs, but not gang members) and other violent individuals. This study, examined how gang members, gang affiliates, and violent men, compare in their attitudes to violence, violence levels and victim targets, and the locations of their violence. Data included a sample of 1,539 adult males, aged 19- 34 years, taken from an earlier survey conducted in the UK, but not previously examined. Logistic regression analyses identified that, compared to violent men, gang members and affiliates were more anxious about being violently victimized, were more prone to hostile rumination, and used violence instrumentally, when angry, or when they felt disrespected. Compared to violent men, gang members and affiliates also had more victim types; including family members and friends and were more likely to be violent in their own homes, in friends’ homes, in bars, in their workplace, and on the street. Key differences between gang members and affiliates were that gang members were more likely to use violence instrumentally and when angry and they were more anxious about being violently victimized. Discussion considers potential explanations for identified differences, the need for longitudinal work to identify the causal directions of gang members’ and affiliates’ violence, and the implications of findings for developing treatment programs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Gang members, affiliates, violent men, violence
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2017 11:30 UTC
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 13:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/64897 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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