Deterring Gangs: Criminal Justice Approaches & Psychological Perspectives

Wood, Jane L. and Alleyne, Emma and Beresford, Hayley (2016) Deterring Gangs: Criminal Justice Approaches & Psychological Perspectives. In: Advances in Psychology and Law. Springer, pp. 305-336. ISBN 978-3-319-43083-6. (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-43083-6_10) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43083-6_10

Abstract

Abstract In spite of criminal justice efforts to deter gang membership, gangs appear to be flourishing. This leaves justice systems struggling to devise effective programs and policies that will contain the disturbing menace that gangs pose to communities. The first part of this chapter considers how deterrence works on general and individual levels. It then moves on to evaluate the use of suppression and multi-faceted anti-gang programs and considers the success of policies such as gang injunctions and joint enterprise as strategies to deter gang membership and activity. In the second section this chapter contemplates some of the psychological explanations as to why criminal justice anti-gang tactics may not work with gang members. It examines the influence of social identity, pluralistic ignorance, moral disengagement and its potential for reducing cognitive dissonance, group commitment and cohesion, reputation and status enhancement and the potential that criminal justice gang-reduction strategies have for feeding an oppositional culture in gang members. The chapter concludes by calling for more psychological research that considers how group processes in gang membership may inoculate gang members from even the most concerted criminal justice efforts to deter their behavior.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-3-319-43083-6_10
Uncontrolled keywords: Gangs deterrence suppression policy psychology
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2017 09:22 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:14 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/55014 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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