The development of bystander intentions and social-moral reasoning about intergroup verbal aggression

Palmer, S and Rutland, Adam and Cameron, Lindsey (2015) The development of bystander intentions and social-moral reasoning about intergroup verbal aggression. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33 (4). pp. 419-433. ISSN 0261-510X. E-ISSN 2044-835X. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12092) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12092

Abstract

A developmental intergroup approach was taken to examine the development of prosocial bystander intentions among children and adolescents. Participants as bystanders (N = 260) aged 8–10 and 13–15 years were presented with scenarios of direct aggression between individuals from different social groups (i.e., intergroup verbal aggression). These situations involved either an ingroup aggressor and an outgroup victim or an outgroup aggressor and an ingroup victim. This study focussed on the role of intergroup factors (group membership, ingroup identification, group norms, and social–moral reasoning) in the development of prosocial bystander intentions. Findings showed that prosocial bystander intentions declined with age. This effect was partially mediated by the ingroup norm to intervene and perceived severity of the verbal aggression. However, a moderated mediation analysis showed that only when the victim was an ingroup member and the aggressor an outgroup member did participants become more likely with age to report prosocial bystander intentions due to increased ingroup identification. Results also showed that younger children focussed on moral concerns and adolescents focussed more on psychological concerns when reasoning about their bystander intention. These novel findings help explain the developmental decline in prosocial bystander intentions from middle childhood into early adolescence when observing direct intergroup aggression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: bystander; aggression; intergroup relations; group processes; social–moral reasoning; childhood and adolescence; social development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Depositing User: Lindsey Cameron
Date Deposited: 31 May 2015 12:10 UTC
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2016 15:41 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/48695 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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