Clarifying and Compiling C/C++ Concurrency: From C++11 to POWER

Batty, Mark and Memarian, Kayvan and Owens, Scott and Sarkar, Susmit and Sewell, Peter (2012) Clarifying and Compiling C/C++ Concurrency: From C++11 to POWER. In: POPL '12: 39th Annual ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages, 25th - 27th January, 2012, Philadelphia, USA. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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The upcoming C and C++ revised standards add concurrency to the languages, for the first time, in the form of a subtle *relaxed memory model* (the *C++11 model*). This aims to permit compiler optimisation and to accommodate the differing relaxed-memory behaviours of mainstream multiprocessors, combining simple semantics for most code with high-performance *low-level atomics* for concurrency libraries. In this paper, we first establish two simpler but provably equivalent models for C++11, one for the full language and another for the subset without consume operations. Subsetting further to the fragment without low-level atomics, we identify a subtlety arising from atomic initialisation and prove that, under an additional condition, the model is equivalent to sequential consistency for race-free programs. We then prove our main result, the correctness of two proposed compilation schemes for the C++11 load and store concurrency primitives to Power assembly, having noted that an earlier proposal was flawed. (The main ideas apply also to ARM, which has a similar relaxed memory architecture.) This should inform the ongoing development of production compilers for C++11 and C1x, clarifies what properties of the machine architecture are required, and builds confidence in the C++11 and Power semantics.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming,
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Computing > Programming Languages and Systems Group
Depositing User: Scott Owens
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2012 10:10
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2013 13:57
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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