'Fundamentalism', modernity and the new Jacobins

Ray, Larry J. (1999) 'Fundamentalism', modernity and the new Jacobins. Economy and Society, 28 (2). pp. 198-221. ISSN 0308-5147. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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This paper offers an interpretation of 'Islamic fundamentalism', especially the Iranian Revolution, in the context of sociological debates about 'modernity'. The problematic nature of both these terms is acknowledged. It criticizes explanations of 'fundamentalism' that begin from the assumption of a dichotomy between fundamentalism and modernity, arguing instead for a more nuanced understanding of both Islamic revivalism and the modern. The paper begins by offering a model of modernity as a set of bi-modal tensions within which Islamic 'fundamentalism' could be understood as a form of modernist revolutionary populism. This argument is then developed through a comparison between the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the Jacobin phase of the French Revolution. It argues that there are parallels between the idea of Islamic revolution and the Jacobin revolutionary imagination, which demonstrate the modernist dimension of Islamist movements. The discussion concludes with some observations on Islam, and the closure of the Jacobin revolutionary project.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Iran; Islam; fundamentalism; modernity; revolution
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: F.D. Zabet
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2009 14:58
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2014 10:21
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16520 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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