Mesangial cells but not hepatocytes are protected against NO/O(2)(-) cogeneration: mechanistic considerations.

Sumbayev, V. and Sandau, K.B. and Brune, B. (2002) Mesangial cells but not hepatocytes are protected against NO/O(2)(-) cogeneration: mechanistic considerations. European Journal of Pharmacology, 444 (4). pp. 1-11. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2999(02)01555-8

Abstract

Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species such as superoxide (O(2)(-)) and nitric oxide (NO) are produced under diverse conditions and provoke distinct signaling reactions. The formation of NO has been shown to induce apoptosis and/or necrosis in mesangial cells and to protect other cells such as hepatocytes. Often, NO and O(2)(-) are simultaneously generated, which results in their diffusion-controlled interaction and, thus, redirects the signaling properties of either NO or O(2)(-). This has been proven for mesangial cells, where O(2)(-) formation attenuates NO-initiated apoptosis. As the mechanisms involved remained unclear, we studied the potential impact of the glutathione redox system and compared the results obtained with mesangial cells with those obtained with Hep G2 hepatocytes. In contrast to mesangial cells, Hep G2 cells appeared resistant to NO donors but displayed massive cell destruction following NO/O(2)(-) cogeneration. As a result, we noticed a greater increase in GSSG levels in Hep G2 cells than in mesangial cells. GSH depletion reversed the cell protection in mesangial cells and enhanced the cell damage in Hep G2 cells. NO/O(2)(-)-mediated mesangial protection is associated with an increased glutathione reductase activity and an increase in GSH. In conclusion, NO/O(2)(-) sensitivity is cell type specific and is determined by the glutathione redox system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > University wide - Teaching/Research Groups
Depositing User: Vadim Sumbayev
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2009 23:00
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2010 14:38
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/9980 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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