Prolongation algebras and Hamiltonian operators for peakon equations

Hone, A.N.W. and Wang, JP (2003) Prolongation algebras and Hamiltonian operators for peakon equations. Inverse Problems , 19 (1). pp. 129-145. ISSN 0266-5611. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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We consider a family of non-evolutionary partial differential equations, labelled by a single parameter b, all of which admit multi-peakon solutions. For the two special integrable cases, namely the Camassa-Holm and Degasperis-Procesi equations (b = 2 and 3), we explain how their spectral problems have reciprocal links to Lax pairs for negative flows, in the Korteweg-de Vries and Kaup-Kupershmidt hierarchies respectively. An analogous construction is presented in the case of the Sawada-Kotera hierarchy, leading to a new zero-curvature representation for the integrable Vakhnenko equation. We show how the two special peakon equations are isolated via the Wahlquist-Estabrook prolongation algebra method. Using the trivector technique of Olver, we provide a proof of the Jacobi identity for the non-local Hamiltonian structures of the whole peakon family. Within this class of Hamiltonian operators (also labelled by b), we present a uniqueness theorem which picks out the special cases b = 2, 3.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science)
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science
Depositing User: Judith Broom
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2007 18:28
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2011 11:24
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