Dopant control over the crystal morphology of ceramic materials

Alfredsson, Maria and Cora, Furio and Dobson, David P. and Davy, James and Brodholt, John P. and Parker, Steve C. and Price, G. David (2007) Dopant control over the crystal morphology of ceramic materials. Surface Science, 601 (21). pp. 4793-4800. ISSN 0039-6028. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2007.07.025

Abstract

Doping is a common way to activate the behavior of ceramics. Its effect is not limited to the bulk: segregation of dopants to the surfaces also yields a way to modify, and ultimately control the crystal morphology. We propose a model that allows us to calculate the surface energy beyond the Langmuir isotherm for doped and defective surfaces from atomic-level simulations. The model also allows us to account for different compositions between the bulk and surface. Computational materials design can thus be applied to optimize simultaneously the crystal behavior at the atomic (surface structure and composition) and mesoscopic (crystal size and shape) length scales. We exemplify the model with orthorhombic CaTiO3 perovskite doped with Mg2+, Fe2+, Ni2+, Sr2+, Ba2+ and Cd2+ ions, by predicting the effect that different dopants and dopant concentrations have on the crystal morphology. We find that a higher proportion of reactive {021} and {111} surfaces are exposed with the presence of divalent Mg2+, Fe2+ and Ni2+ ions than in the undoped material and in perovskite doped with Ba2+ and Sr2+center dot Cd2+ has only minor effects on crystal morphologies. These findings have important implications for predicting the reactivity of crystals doped with different ions and we show how this can be related to a simple parameter such as the ionic radius. We have tested our newly derived model by comparison with laboratory flux grown single crystals of CaTiO3, (Ni,Ca)TiO3 and (Ba,Ca)TiO3 and find excellent agreement between theory and experiment. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 234IG Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 36 Alfredsson, Maria Cora, Furio Dobson, David P. Davy, James Brodholt, John P. Parker, Steve C. Price, G. David
Uncontrolled keywords: surface energy crystal morphology catalysis microelectronics biomaterial inter-atomic potentials single crystal
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: Maria Alfredsson
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2008 13:01
Last Modified: 07 May 2014 15:14
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4764 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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