Weekes, B.S. and Hamilton, S. and Oakhill, J. and Holliday, R.E. (2008) False recollection in children with reading comprehension difficulties. Cognition, 106 (1). pp. 222-233. ISSN 0010-0277 .
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Children with reading comprehension difficulties display impaired performance on semantic processing tasks. These impairments are assumed to reflect weaker knowledge about abstract semantic associations between words in poor comprehenders [Nation, K., & Snowling, M. (1999). Developmental differences in sensitivity to semantic relations among good and poor comprehenders: evidence from semantic priming. Cognition, 19, B1-B13.]. We examined the performance of poor comprehenders on the Deese/Roediger/McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Children studied spoken words that were semantic associates (e.g., bed, rest, and awake) or phonological associates (e.g., pole, bowl, and hole) followed by free recall and a recognition test containing nonstudied critical words (e.g., sleep and roll). Results showed reduced recall and recognition of critical words in the semantic condition but not in the phonological condition for poor comprehenders. We argue that poor comprehenders are less sensitive to abstract semantic associations between words because of reduced gist memory.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||reading comprehension; implicit memory; inferences; mental model; fuzzy trace theory|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology|
|Depositing User:||C.A. Simms|
|Date Deposited:||07 Mar 2009 11:03|
|Last Modified:||14 Jan 2010 14:16|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4565 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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