False recollection in children with reading comprehension difficulties

Weekes, Brendan S. and Hamilton, Stephen and Oakhill, Jane V. and Holliday, Robyn (2008) False recollection in children with reading comprehension difficulties. Cognition, 106 (1). pp. 222-233. ISSN 0010-0277 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2007.01.005

Abstract

Children with reading comprehension difficulties display impaired performance on semantic processing tasks. These impairments are assumed to reflect weaker knowledge about abstract semantic associations between words in poor comprehenders [Nation, K., & Snowling, M. (1999). Developmental differences in sensitivity to semantic relations among good and poor comprehenders: evidence from semantic priming. Cognition, 19, B1-B13.]. We examined the performance of poor comprehenders on the Deese/Roediger/McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Children studied spoken words that were semantic associates (e.g., bed, rest, and awake) or phonological associates (e.g., pole, bowl, and hole) followed by free recall and a recognition test containing nonstudied critical words (e.g., sleep and roll). Results showed reduced recall and recognition of critical words in the semantic condition but not in the phonological condition for poor comprehenders. We argue that poor comprehenders are less sensitive to abstract semantic associations between words because of reduced gist memory.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: reading comprehension; implicit memory; inferences; mental model; fuzzy trace theory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: C.A. Simms
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2009 11:03
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2014 15:06
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4565 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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