Explaining the development of false memories.

Reyna, Valerie and Holliday, Robyn and Marche, Tammy (2002) Explaining the development of false memories. Developmental Review, 22 (3). pp. 436-489. ISSN 0273-2297 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

We review six explanatory dimensions of false memory in children that are relevant to forensic practice: measurement, development, social factors, individual differences, varieties of memories and memory judgments, and varieties of procedures that induce false memories. We conclude that, despite greater fidelity to real-world false memory contexts, recent studies fail to use known techniques that separate mere acquiescence from memory changes. Acquiescence and memory interact in interrogation through a dynamic process of construing both questions and memories. Fuzzy-trace theory Is verbatim-gist distinction offers an explanation for how this construal process can transform acquiescence into false memory. Acquiescence and false memory are further exacerbated by individual differences in cognition, personality, and social factors. To avoid such effects, interviewers should not encourage children to consider, imagine, or interpret alternative versions of events, especially with repeated specific questions rather than open-ended free recall. The goal of interviews should be not only to separate truth from falsity, but also to separate the fuzzy truth, the construal of questions and gist memories, from the verbatim "just-the-facts" truth required for the administration of justice

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: C.A. Simms
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2008 16:54
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2014 10:38
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4419 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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