Social comparison, self-stereotyping, and gender differences in self-construals

Guimond, S. and Chatard, A. and Martinot, D. and Crisp, R.J. and Redersdorff, S. (2006) Social comparison, self-stereotyping, and gender differences in self-construals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90 (2). pp. 221-242. ISSN 0022-3514 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Four studies examined gender differences in self-construals and the role of social comparison in generating these differences. Consistent with previous research, Study 1 (N = 461) showed that women define themselves as higher in relational interdependence than men, and men define themselves as higher in independence/agency than women. Study 2 (N = 301) showed that within-gender social comparison decreases gender differences in self-construals relative to a control condition, whereas between-genders comparison increases gender differences on both relational interdependence and independence/agency. Studies 3 (N = 169) and 4 (N = 278) confirmed these findings and showed that changing self-construal changes gender differences in social dominance orientation. Across the 4 studies, strong evidence for the role of in-group stereotyping as mediator of the effect of gender on self-construal was observed on the relational dimension but not on the agentic dimension.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: self-concept; gender differences; social comparison; social dominance; self-categorization
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Ros Beeching
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2008 10:58
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2010 14:15
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4295 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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