Long-range interactions in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the New-World monkey, Callithrix jacchus

Felisberti, F. and Derrington, A.M. (2001) Long-range interactions in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the New-World monkey, Callithrix jacchus. Visual Neuroscience, 18 (2). pp. 209-218. ISSN 0952-5238. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Visual stimulation of zones extending beyond the classical receptive field can modulate the contrast gain of neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of cats, but little is known about the effect of extra-classical visual stimulation on the LGN of primates. Hence, we compare the effect of long-range interactions in parvocellular and magnocellular LGN layers of the maromset monkey Callithrix jacchus using optimal, incremental spots flashed on the classical receptive field either alone or simultaneously with the shift of a grating (988 contrast; 0.1 cycles/deg) confined to a peripheral annulus (radii: 5-15 dee). The contrast required to drive the response halfway to saturation (C-50) Of most LGN neurons was raised by remote pattern shifts. The c(50) ratio [(shift+ spot)/spot] in OFF-center magnocellular neurons was significantly higher than in OFF-center parvocellular neurons. OFF-center magnocellular neurons closer to the fovea (< 10 deg eccentricity) tended to have a higher C50 ratio than in more peripheral neurons. A significant drop in visual sensitivity to 25% contrast spots was observed during remote motion: d ' fell from 1.8 to 1.4 in parvocellular neurons and from 2.2 to 1.7 in magnocellular neurons. Such long-range interactions produce a reduction in visual sensitivity by changing the gain of the geniculate relay and point to an inhibitory, motion-sensitive extra-classical receptive field in both parvocellular and magnocellular pathways, which may be involved in saccadic suppression and attentional mechanisms in early vision.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: VISUAL NEUROSCI
Uncontrolled keywords: long-range interactions; contrast gain; parvocellular pathway; magnocellular pathway
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Ros Beeching
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2008 17:37
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2010 14:15
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4254 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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