Not quite human: Infra-humanization in response to collective responsibility for intergroup killing

Castano, Emanuele and Giner-Sorolla, Roger (2006) Not quite human: Infra-humanization in response to collective responsibility for intergroup killing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90 (5). pp. 804-818. ISSN 0022-3514 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

The present research examines how awareness of violence perpetrated against an out-group by one's in-group can intensify the infrahumanization of the out-group, as measured by a reduced tendency to accord uniquely human emotions to out-groups. Across 3 experiments that used different in-groups (humans, British, White Americans) and out-groups (aliens, Australian Aborigines, and Native Americans), when participants were made aware of the in-group's mass killing of the out-group, they infrahumanized the victims more. The perception of collective responsibility, not just the knowledge that the out-group members had died in great numbers, was shown to be necessary for this effect. Infrahumanization also occurred concurrently with increased collective guilt but was unrelated to it. It is proposed that infrahumanization may be a strategy for people to reestablish psychological equanimity when confronted with a self-threatening situation and that such a strategy may occur concomitantly with other strategies, such as providing reparations to the out-group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: collective responsibility; infrahumanization; dehumanization; intergroup conflict; collective guilt
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Ros Beeching
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2008 17:26
Last Modified: 21 May 2014 08:35
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4165 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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