Bowers, J.S. and Damian, Markus and Havelka, J. (2002) Can Distributed Orthographic Knowledge Support Word Specific Long-Term Priming? Apparently So. Journal of Memory and Language, 46 (1). pp. 24-38. ISSN 0749-596X.
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A property of distributed representations is that related information is coded as overlapping patterns of activation over the same set of units and learning associated with one item extends to related items. Accordingly, the null (or near null) long-term priming observed between form-related words seems to pose a challenge to connectionist theories of reading that include distributed codes. In the present report, priming was assessed in a behavioral study and a computer simulation using Seidenberg and McClelland's (1989) distributed model of word identification. Contrary to our expectation, both the behavioral and simulation studies obtained robust repetition and little form priming. Furthermore, analysis of the model's performance revealed that the lack of form priming was the product of collapsing facilitatory effects between rhymes (mint-hint) and inhibitory effects between nonrhymes (pint-hint). A second behavioral experiment confirmed this prediction. A number of additional long-term priming results were also successfully modeled.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||distributed representations; localist representations; long-term priming; form priming; word identification|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology|
|Depositing User:||Ros Beeching|
|Date Deposited:||06 Sep 2008 09:11|
|Last Modified:||09 May 2012 10:07|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4144 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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