Unfair treatment and self-regulatory focus

Oyserman, Daphna and Uskul, Ayse K. and Yoder, Nicholas and Nesse, Randy M. and Williams, David R. (2007) Unfair treatment and self-regulatory focus. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43 (3). pp. 505-512. ISSN 0022-1031. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2006.05.014

Abstract

Ample correlational evidence exists that perceived unfair treatment is negatively related to well-being, health, and goal striving but the underlying process is unclear. We hypothesized that effects are due in part to contextual priming of prevention focus and the negative consequences of chronic prevention-focused vigilance. Indeed, reasonable responses to unfair treatment—to avoid situations in which it occurs or if this is not possible, confront it head on—fit prevention self-regulatory focus response patterns. Results from three experiments support this notion. Priming stigmatized social category membership heightened students’ prevention (not promotion) focus (n = 117). Priming non-stigmatized social category membership (i.e., white) did not change prevention focus (n = 46). Priming prevention (not promotion) increased perceptions of unfair treatment (and aroused prevention-relevant fight or flight responses) in response to a negative ambiguous job situation among low and moderate income adults (n = 112).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Ayse Uskul
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2012 16:04
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2014 10:09
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/32385 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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