Oliver, C. and Murphy, G.H. and Crayton, L. and Corbett, J.A. (1993) Self-injurious behaviour in Rett Syndrome: interactions between features of Rett Syndrome and operant conditioning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23 (1). pp. 91-109. ISSN 0162-3257.
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Operant and biological theories of the cause of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in people with a mental handicap are often viewed as mutually exclusive. In this single case study, interactions between features of Rett syndrome and operant conditioning as determinants of SIB are examined. Functional analysis by analog methodology indicated different functions for two forms of SIB shown by the subject: automatic reinforcement by sensory stimulation and escape from social interactions. It is suggested that features of Rett syndrome established conditions under which operant conditioning of self-injurious responding was maximized. The implications of this interaction between features of syndromes and operant conditioning for the conceptualization of the cause of SIB are discussed and it is proposed that the notion of a unitary cause of SIB is inappropriate. It is more productive to consider operant conditioning as the process that maintains responding against a background of predisposing and mediating factors which may be biologically determined.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||LESCH-NYHAN DISEASE; DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR; MUTILATION; EXTINCTION; POPULATION; PEOPLE; PAIN|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Tizard|
|Depositing User:||Jo Ruffels|
|Date Deposited:||07 Nov 2012 14:40|
|Last Modified:||22 Mar 2013 15:30|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/32130 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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