Peris-Lopez, Pedro and Hernandez-Castro, Julio C. and Estevez Tapiador, Juan and Ribagorda, Arturo (2009) LAMED - A PRNG for EPC Class-1 Generation-2 RFID specification. Computer Standards and Interfaces, 31 (1). pp. 88-97. ISSN 0920-5489.
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RFID is a relatively heterogenous radio technology, where it is necessary to put an extra effort on security and privacy-related issues. As early as 2004, some authors suggested the use of a PRNG for increasing security. This was later questioned because many thought a PRNG implementation may go well beyond the very limited computational capabilities of low-cost RFID tags. However, its use has been ratified by EPCGlobal (EPC Class-1 Generation-2) and ISO (ISO/IEC 18000-6C). This motivates our proposal of a new PRNG, named LAMED, which is compliant with the standards and successfully passes several batteries of very demanding randomness tests (ENT, DIEHARD, NIST, and SEXTON). A study of its hardware complexity shows that LAMED can be implemented with slightly less than 1.6 K gates, and that pseudo-random numbers can be generated each 1.8 ms. So we can affirm this is a realist proposal both conforming with the EPC-G1C2 standard, and suitable for low-cost RFID tags.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||EPC; Lightweight cryptography; PRNG; RFID; Security|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 75 Electronic computers. Computer science|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Computing > Security Group|
|Depositing User:||Julio Hernandez-Castro|
|Date Deposited:||24 Oct 2012 13:17|
|Last Modified:||18 Mar 2013 16:32|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/31951 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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