Craniometric data support a mosaic model of demic and cultural Neolithic diffusion to outlying regions of Europe.

von Cramon-Taubadel, Noreen and Pinhasi, R. (2011) Craniometric data support a mosaic model of demic and cultural Neolithic diffusion to outlying regions of Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 278 (1720). pp. 2874-2880. ISSN 0962-8452. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.2678

Abstract

The extent to which the transition to agriculture in Europe was the result of biological (demic) diffusion from the Near East or the adoption of farming practices by indigenous hunter–gatherers is subject to continuing debate. Thus far, archaeological study and the analysis of modern and ancient European DNA have yielded inconclusive results regarding these hypotheses. Here we test these ideas using an extensive craniometric dataset representing 30 hunter–gatherer and farming populations. Pairwise population craniometric distance was compared with temporally controlled geographical models representing evolutionary hypotheses of biological and cultural transmission. The results show that, following the physical dispersal of Near Eastern/Anatolian farmers into central Europe, two biological lineages were established with limited gene flow between them. Farming communities spread across Europe, while hunter–gatherer communities located in outlying geographical regions adopted some cultural elements from the farmers. Therefore, the transition to farming in Europe did not involve the complete replacement of indigenous hunter–gatherer populations despite significant gene flow from the Southwest Asia. This study suggests that a mosaic process of dispersal of farmers and their ideas was operating in outlying regions of Europe, thereby reconciling previously conflicting results obtained from genetic and archaeological studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Neolithic transition; demic diffusion; cultural diffusion; craniometrics; demography
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biological Anthropology
Depositing User: Shelley Malekia
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2012 11:50
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2013 10:58
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/31298 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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