When do people derogate or psychologically distance from victims? Belief in a just world and ingroup identification.

Correia, I. and Alves, H. and Sutton, R.M. and Ramos, M. and Gouveia-Pereira, M. and Vala, J. (2012) When do people derogate or psychologically distance from victims? Belief in a just world and ingroup identification. Personality and Individual Differences, 53 (6). pp. 747-752. ISSN 0191-8869. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.05.032

Abstract

Two factors increase the threat for individuals’ belief in a just world (BJW) posed by an innocent victim: the degree of the observer’s explicit endorsement of BJW and the fact that the victim shares a common identity with the observer. In this paper, we aim to investigate whether or not these two factors (BJW and ingroup identification) have an interaction effect on each of two mechanisms that reduce the threat to BJW: victim derogation and psychological distancing from the victims. In two studies with university students we predicted and found that BJW interacted with identification with an ingroup victim to predict victim derogation (Study 1) and disidentification from the group shared with the victim (Study 2). In Study 1, the positive relationship between BJW and derogation was significant for strongly identified participants but not for weakly identified participants. In Study 2, high BJW was associated with low ingroup identification only when group salience was activated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Belief in a just world Victim derogation Social identification Social identity
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Robbie Sutton
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2012 10:11
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2013 16:01
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/31281 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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