Quantum lump dynamics on the two-sphere

Krusch, Steffen (2013) Quantum lump dynamics on the two-sphere. Communications in Mathematical Physics, 322 (1). pp. 95-126. ISSN 0010-3616. (Full text available)

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Abstract

It is well known that the low-energy classical dynamics of solitons of Bogomol'nyi type is well approximated by geodesic motion in M_n, the moduli space of static n-solitons. There is an obvious quantization of this dynamics wherein the wavefunction evolves according to the Hamiltonian H_0 equal to (half) the Laplacian on M_n. Born-Oppenheimer reduction of analogous mechanical systems suggests, however, that this simple Hamiltonian should receive corrections including k, the scalar curvature of M_n, and C, the n-soliton Casimir energy, which are usually difficult to compute, and whose effect on the energy spectrum is unknown. This paper analyzes the spectra of H_0 and two corrections to it suggested by work of Moss and Shiiki, namely H_1=H_0+k/4 and H_2=H_1+C, in the simple but nontrivial case of a single CP^1 lump moving on the two-sphere. Here M_1=TSO(3), a noncompact kaehler 6-manifold invariant under an SO(3)xSO(3) action, whose geometry is well understood. The symmetry gives rise to two conserved angular momenta, spin and isospin. A hidden isometry of M_1 is found which implies that all three energy spectra are symmetric under spin-isospin interchange. The Casimir energy is found exactly on the zero section of TSO(3), and approximated numerically on the rest of M_1. The lowest 19 eigenvalues of H_i are found for i=0,1,2, and their spin-isospin and parity compared. The curvature corrections in H_1 lead to a qualitatively unchanged low-level spectrum while the Casimir energy in H_2 leads to significant changes. The scaling behaviour of the spectra under changes in the radii of the domain and target spheres is analyzed, and it is found that the disparity between the spectra of H_1 and H_2 is reduced when the target sphere is made smaller.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA440 Geometry
Q Science > QC Physics > QC20 Mathematical Physics
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science > Applied Mathematics
Depositing User: Steffen Krusch
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 13:57
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2013 12:40
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/31261 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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