Hunting of flying foxes and perception of disease risk in Indonesian Borneo

Harrison, Mark E. and Cheyne, Susan M. and Darma, Fiteria and Ribowo, Dwi Angan and Limin, Suwido H. and Struebig, Matthew J. (2011) Hunting of flying foxes and perception of disease risk in Indonesian Borneo. Biological Conservation, 144 (10). pp. 2441-2449. ISSN 0006-3207. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.06.021

Abstract

Widespread hunting of flying foxes has generated concern regarding population declines and the spread of emerging infectious diseases. To investigate the potential impacts of this trade, we conducted ques- tionnaires in 45 settlements across 12 population centres within Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, a region previously identified as a hunting hotspot. By combining results from 63 hunter and 88 vendor inter- views, we highlight two population centres (Palangka Raya and Buntok/Tamiang Layang) with higher hunting rates than other areas, which act as flying fox trading hubs. Flying fox populations were per- ceived to be declining province-wide: declines in captures and sales were reported by 81% of hunters and 60% of market vendors, who also reported availability as the key factor underlying temporal varia- tions in trade. There was substantial risk of zoonotic disease transmission between bats, hunters and traders: the vast majority of respondents were unaware that flying foxes carry potentially fatal viruses, and so few people protected themselves from physical contact. Moreover, both hunters and vendors were frequently bitten and the majority of bites drew blood. Most hunters (58%) also reported unintentional by-catches that included keystone bird species and slow lorises. The scale of hunting over Central Kalimantan represents a serious threat to the long-term viability of flying fox populations (and poten- tially those of other species), and could have serious public health implications. Reducing or eliminating hunting and trade would mitigate the risk of disease transmission, while maintaining the economic and ecosystem benefits that flying foxes provide, in terms of pollination and seed dispersal.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: Unmapped bibliographic data: Y1 - 2011/07/22/ [EPrints field already has value set] L2 - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320711002485 [Field not mapped to EPrints] M3 - 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.06.021 [Field not mapped to EPrints] JA - Biological Conservation [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled keywords: Pteropus vampyrus, Emerging infectious disease, Henipavirus, Bats, wildlife trade, Hunting
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Matthew Struebig
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 11:15
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2014 08:52
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/31176 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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