Glancing and then looking: on the role of body, affect, and meaning in cognitive control

Su, Li and Bowman, Howard and Barnard, Philip (2011) Glancing and then looking: on the role of body, affect, and meaning in cognitive control. Frontiers in Cognition, 2 (348). pp. 182-196. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00348

Abstract

In humans, there is a trade-off between the need to respond optimally to the salient environmental stimuli and the need to meet our long-term goals. This implies that a system of salience sensitive control exists, which trades task-directed processing off against monitoring and responding to potentially high salience stimuli that are irrelevant to the current task. Much cognitive control research has attempted to understand these mechanisms using non-affective stimuli. However, recent research has emphasized the importance of emotions, which are a major factor in the prioritization of competing stimuli and in directing attention. While relatively mature theories of cognitive control exist for non-affective settings, exactly how emotions modulate cognitive processes is less well understood. The attentional blink (AB) task is a useful experimental paradigm to reveal the dynamics of both cognitive and affective control in humans. Hence, we have developed the glancelook model, which has replicated a broad profile of data on the semantic AB task and characterized how attentional deployment is modulated by emotion. Taking inspiration from Barnards Interacting Cognitive Subsystems, the model relies on a distinction between two levels of meaning: implicational and propositional, which are supported by two corresponding mental subsystems: the glance and the look respectively. In our model, these two subsystems reflect the central engine of cognitive control and executive function. In particular, the interaction within the central engine dynamically establishes a task filter for salient stimuli using a neurobiologically inspired learning mechanism. In addition, the somatic contribution of emotional effects is modeled by a body-state subsystem. We argue that stimulus-driven interaction among these three subsystems governs the movement of control between them. The model also predicts attenuation effects and fringe awareness during the AB.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: determinacy analysis, Craig interpolants
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming,
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Computing > Computational Intelligence Group
Depositing User: Howard Bowman
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2012 09:49
Last Modified: 12 May 2014 13:37
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/30706 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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