Attention Increases the Temporal Precision of Conscious Perception: Verifying the Neural-ST² Model

Chennu, Srivas and Craston, Patrick and Wyble, Brad and Bowman, H. (2009) Attention Increases the Temporal Precision of Conscious Perception: Verifying the Neural-ST² Model. PLoS Computational Biology, 5 (11). pp. 182-196. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://www.cs.kent.ac.uk/pubs/2009/2967

Abstract

What role does attention play in ensuring the temporal precision of visual perception? Behavioural studies have investigated feature selection and binding in time using fleeting sequences of stimuli in the Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) paradigm, and found that temporal accuracy is reduced when attentional control is diminished. To reduce the efficacy of attentional deployment, these studies have employed the Attentional Blink (AB) phenomenon. In this article, we use electroencephalography (EEG) to directly investigate the temporal dynamics of conscious perception. Specifically, employing a combination of experimental analysis and neural network modelling, we test the hypothesis that the availability of attention reduces temporal jitter in the latency between a target's visual onset and its consolidation into working memory. We perform time-frequency analysis on data from an AB study to compare the EEG trials underlying the P3 ERPs (Event-related Potential) evoked by targets seen outside vs. inside the AB time window. We find visual differences in phase-sorted ERPimages and statistical differences in the variance of the P3 phase distributions. These results argue for increased variation in the latency of conscious perception during the AB. This experimental analysis is complemented by a theoretical exploration of temporal attention and target processing. Using activation traces from the Neural-ST2 model, we generate virtual ERPs and virtual ERPimages. These are compared to their human counterparts to propose an explanation of how target consolidation in the context of the AB influences the temporal variability of selective attention. The AB provides us with a suitable phenomenon with which to investigate the interplay between attention and perception. The combination of experimental and theoretical elucidation in this article contributes to converging evidence for the notion that the AB reflects a reduction in the temporal acuity of selective attention and the timeliness of perception.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: determinacy analysis, Craig interpolants
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming,
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Computing > Computational Intelligence Group
Depositing User: Howard Bowman
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2012 09:49
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2013 08:51
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/30579 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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