Twisting arms or a helping hand? Assessing the impact of ‘coerced’ and comparable ‘voluntary’ drug treatment options

McSweeney, T. and Stevens, A. and Hunt, N. and Turnbull, P.J. (2007) Twisting arms or a helping hand? Assessing the impact of ‘coerced’ and comparable ‘voluntary’ drug treatment options. British Journal of Criminology, 47 (3). pp. 470-490. ISSN 0007-0955. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azl087

Abstract

Despite the rapid expansion of options to coerce drug-dependent offenders into treatment - culminating recently in the provisions of the Drugs Act 2005 and the government’s ‘Tough Choices’ agenda - research findings to date are equivocal about their impact in reducing crime. This paper presents UK findings from a pan-European study on this issue. The results – at both national and international levels - reveal that court-mandated clients reported significant and sustained reductions in illicit drug use and offending behaviours, and improvements in other areas of social functioning. Those entering the same treatment services through non-criminal justice routes also reported similar reductions and improvements. The implications of these findings are discussed in the context of recent policy developments.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5800 Drug use and miuse
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > European Institute for Social Services (RAE)
Depositing User: Alex Stevens
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012 15:26
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2014 11:52
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29876 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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