Restrained eaters preserve top-down attentional control in the presence of food

Hotham, S. and Sharma, D. and Hamilton-West, K.E. (2012) Restrained eaters preserve top-down attentional control in the presence of food. Appetite, 58 (3). pp. 1160-1163. ISSN 0195-6663. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2012.03.011

Abstract

This study investigated the attentional control of restrained eaters when exposed to food. Restrained (N = 55) and unrestrained eaters (N = 56) completed a color word Stroop task. Top–down attentional control was assessed by adaptation effects (the Stroop effect is smaller when the previous trial is an incongruent color word than a congruent color word). Adaptation effects differed between restrained and unrestrained eaters according to the type of background image presented (high-fat food vs. non-food). Specifically, in restrained eaters adaptation effects did not differ as a function of image. In contrast, adaptation effects in unrestrained eaters were not observed with high-fat food. Motivation to either approach or avoid food may explain these differences.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Attentional control; Adaptation effects; Restrained eating; Avoidance
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA784 Nutrition
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX357 Nutrition. Foods and food supply (General special)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Tony Rees
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2012 15:29
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2013 15:54
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29708 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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