Coulton, S. (2011) Alcohol misuse. Clinical Evidence . ISSN 1462-3846.
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INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity internationally, and is ranked by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the top 5 risk factors for disease burden. Without treatment, approximately 16% of hazardous or harmful alcohol users will progress to more dependent patterns of alcohol consumption. This review covers interventions in hazardous or harmful, but not dependent, alcohol users. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of interventions in hazardous or harmful drinkers in the primary-care setting? What are the effects of interventions in hazardous or harmful drinkers in the emergency-department setting? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to September 2010 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). RESULTS: We found 21 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review, we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions in primary care and in emergency departments: brief intervention (single or multiple session), universal screening plus brief interventions, and targeted screening plus brief interventions.
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5001 Alcohol use and miuse|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies|
|Depositing User:||Tony Rees|
|Date Deposited:||25 Jun 2012 14:44|
|Last Modified:||05 Oct 2012 11:06|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29695 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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