Alcohol misuse

Coulton, S. (2009) Alcohol misuse. Clinical Evidence . ISSN 1462-3846. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://ukpmc.ac.uk/articles/PMC2907792

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity internationally, and is ranked by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the top five risk factors for disease burden. Without treatment, approximately 16% of hazardous or harmful alcohol users will progress to more dependent patterns of alcohol consumption. This review covers interventions in hazardous or harmful but not dependent alcohol users. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of interventions in hazardous or harmful drinkers in the primary-care setting ? What are the effects of interventions in hazardous or harmful drinkers in the emergency-department setting ? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to November 2006 (BMJ Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). RESULTS: We found 13 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions in primary care and in emergency departments: brief intervention (single- or multiple-session), universal screening plus brief interventions, and targeted screening plus brief interventions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5001 Alcohol use and miuse
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Tony Rees
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2012 14:40
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2012 10:25
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29694 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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