Multi-stakeholder Values on the Sustainability of Dive Tourism: Case Studies of Sipadan and Perhentian Islands, Malaysia

Haddock-Fraser, Janet and Hampton, Mark P. (2012) Multi-stakeholder Values on the Sustainability of Dive Tourism: Case Studies of Sipadan and Perhentian Islands, Malaysia. Tourism Analysis, 17 (1). pp. 27-41. ISSN 1083-5423. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/108354212X13330406124098

Abstract

The impact on the marine environment of the rapidly growing dive tourism industry in less developed countries is increasingly understood, but little research currently exists on its impact on overall sustainability at host sites. This article applies Social Exchange Theory to assess multistakeholders’ perspectives of dive tourism for two Malaysian islands: the Perhentians and Sipadan. We argue that multiple interest groups exist within the sites, with heterogeneous attitudes relating to dive tourism. We found that dive instructors (most knowledgeable and engaged) have the most polarized views and clearly identify links between environment, society, and development. Nondive businesses show greater engagement with economic development impact, but may not link this to environmental preservation. Tourists were surprisingly indifferent—highlighting their lack of loyalty to “place” per se or opportunities for alternative travel choices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: gender bias; hospitality industry; demographics; supervising personnel; Turkey
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School
Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > International Business and Strategy
Depositing User: Cathy Norman
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2012 10:27
Last Modified: 21 May 2014 14:30
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29632 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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