'A suitable person for suitable cases': the gendering of juvenile courts in England, c.1910-1939

Logan, A. (2005) 'A suitable person for suitable cases': the gendering of juvenile courts in England, c.1910-1939. Twentieth Century British History, 16 (2). pp. 129-145. ISSN 0955-2359. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tweceb/hwi014

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between the introduction of women Justices of the Peace (JPs) in 1919 and the gendered development of juvenile courts in England, c. 1910–39. It argues that the campaigns for the appointment of women as JPs and for new methods of dealing with delinquent children were closely connected from 1910 onwards, when the proposal was first made that ‘suitable’ persons should be appointed to hear ‘suitable’ cases in magistrates courts. Using evidence drawn from government records and other sources, the article examines the interaction of the two campaigns and of feminist and penal reform groups in securing the remodelling of London's juvenile justice system in the Juvenile Courts (Metropolis) Act of 1920. It argues that these arrangements, and similar ones adopted elsewhere in England, consciously reflected presumed familial and gender roles. It concludes that the replication of the ‘traditional’ family in the composition of the court may have limited the ability of the youth justice system to be innovative in its approach to juvenile delinquency in the period up to 1939.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: courts juvenile gender
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Medway
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Sociology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Samantha Osborne
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2007 18:09
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2013 11:23
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/295 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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