The addiction Stroop task: examining the fast and slow effects of smoking and marijuana-related cues

Cane, James E. and Sharma, Dinkar and Albery, Ian P. (2009) The addiction Stroop task: examining the fast and slow effects of smoking and marijuana-related cues. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 23 (5). pp. 510-519. ISSN 0269-8811. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269881108091253

Abstract

Research has shown that attentional bias toward smoking-related stimuli is related to the maintenance of smoking behaviour and the chance of a relapse during a quit attempt. Effects of smoking attentional bias can occur both during smoking stimulus presentation (fast effect) and on stimuli that immediately follow smoking stimuli (slow effect). The current research builds on these findings by closely examining the temporal aspects of these fast and slow effects across groups of different smoking status. In Experiment 1 (n = 64), smokers, smokers attempting to quit (SATQ) and non-smokers completed an addiction Stroop task using smoking related, negative emotion and neutral stimuli. In Experiment 2 (n = 32), marijuana smokers and non-marijuana smokers completed an addiction Stroop task using marijuana and neutral stimuli. Results showed fast effects across all smoking groups (except non-smokers) and slow effects in SATQ and marijuana smokers. Furthermore, marijuana smokers showed slow effects over extended periods of time. Results also show a relationship between anxiety, nicotine dependence and attentional bias in SATQ. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: attention; bias; emotion; marijuana; smoking; stroop
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Applied Psychology
Depositing User: James Cane
Date Deposited: 15 May 2012 11:32
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 08:28
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29460 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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