Molecular Basis for Transmission Barrier and Interference between Closely Related Prion Proteins in Yeast

Afanasieva, E.G. and Kushnirov, V.V. and Tuite, M.F. and Ter-Avanesyan, M.D. (2011) Molecular Basis for Transmission Barrier and Interference between Closely Related Prion Proteins in Yeast. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286 (18). pp. 15773-15780. ISSN 0021-9258. (Full text available)

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http://ukpmc.ac.uk/articles/PMC3091186

Abstract

Replicating amyloids, called prions, are responsible for transmissible neurodegenerative diseases in mammals and some heritable phenotypes in fungi. The transmission of prions between species is usually inhibited, being highly sensitive to small differences in amino acid sequence of the prion-forming proteins. To understand the molecular basis of this prion interspecies barrier, we studied the transmission of the [PSI+] prion state from Sup35 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to hybrid Sup35 proteins with prion-forming domains from four other closely related Saccharomyces species. Whereas all the hybrid Sup35 proteins could adopt a prion form in S. cerevisiae, they could not readily acquire the prion form from the [PSI+] prion of S. cerevisiae. Expression of the hybrid Sup35 proteins in S. cerevisiae [PSI+] cells often resulted in frequent loss of the native [PSI+] prion. Furthermore, all hybrid Sup35 proteins showed different patterns of interaction with the native [PSI+] prion in terms of co-polymerization, acquisition of the prion state, and induced prion loss, all of which were also dependent on the [PSI+] variant. The observed loss of S. cerevisiae [PSI+] can be related to inhibition of prion polymerization of S. cerevisiae Sup35 and formation of a non-heritable form of amyloid. We have therefore identified two distinct molecular origins of prion transmission barriers between closely sequence-related prion proteins: first, the inability of heterologous proteins to co-aggregate with host prion polymers, and second, acquisition by these proteins of a non-heritable amyloid fold.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Sue Davies
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2012 14:26
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2012 10:13
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29208 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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