Individual differences in face identification postdict eyewitness accuracy.

Bindemann, Markus and Brown, Chennelle and Koyas, Tiffany and Russ, Andrew (2012) Individual differences in face identification postdict eyewitness accuracy. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 1 . pp. 96-103. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Eyewitnesses frequently mistake innocent suspects for the culprits of an observed crime, and such misidentifications have caused the wrongful convictions of many innocent people. This study attempted to establish the accuracy of individual eyewitnesses by assessing their ability to process unfamiliar faces. Observers viewed a staged crime and later tried to select the culprit from an identity lineup. This was followed by a face test that provides a laboratory analogue to lineup identifications. We found that this face test could determine the reliability of individual witnesses when a positive eyewitness identification had been made. Importantly, this was possible based on the specific response that a witness had made and without prior knowledge of whether the culprit was actually present in the lineup. These findings demonstrate that individual differences in face processing provide a potential instrument for postdicting eyewitness accuracy and for preventing miscarriages of justice.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Markus Bindemann
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2012 09:53
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2012 09:45
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/29011 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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