Compensating Biodiversity Loss: The EU Commission's Approach to Compensation under Article 6 of the Habitats Directive

McGillivray, Donald (2012) Compensating Biodiversity Loss: The EU Commission's Approach to Compensation under Article 6 of the Habitats Directive. Journal of Environmental law, 24 (3). pp. 417-450. (Access to this publication is restricted)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jel/eqs007

Abstract

This Article assesses that part of the legal obligation to provide for compensatory habitat under Article 6(4) of the EU Habitats Directive, which requires an opinion from the European Commission. This is located within a wider ‘impact neutrality’ context where such offsetting measures are increasingly being advanced. The literature on compensatory habitat, some of which relates to site-specific measures and some to habitat ‘banking’, is considered in order to map how compensatory measures may be prone to failure. This is done against the criteria of functionality, proponent bias, monitoring and enforceability, and economic influence. These are then used to evaluate the Commission’s opinions under the Directive. While the compensation obligation is to be applauded, the Commission’s opinions fare poorly against all these criteria, a common, and important, thread being a lack of transparency. This calls into question the wider compensatory aspects of the legislation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: habitats; ‘no net loss’; compensation; EU law; EU Habitats Directive; Commission opinions
Subjects: K Law
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Law School
Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Law School > Centre for European and Comparative Law
Depositing User: Jenny Harmer
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2012 13:08
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2013 11:20
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/28975 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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