Bring the captive closer to the wild: redefining the role of ex situ conservation

Pritchard, Diana J. and Fa, John E. and Oldfield, Sara and Harrop, Stuart R. (2012) Bring the captive closer to the wild: redefining the role of ex situ conservation. Oryx, 46 (1). pp. 18-23. ISSN 0030-6053 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605310001766

Abstract

In situ conservation is central to contemporary global biodiversity protection and is the predominant emphasis of international regulation and funding strategies. Ex situ approaches, in contrast, have been relegated to a subsidiary role and their direct contributions to conservation have been limited. We draw on a variety of sources to make the case for an enhanced role for ex situ conservation. We note the advances occurring within institutions specializing in ex situ conservation and stress that, although much remains to be done, many constraints are being addressed. We argue that the evidence of increasing extinction rates, exacerbated by climate change, challenges the wisdom of a heavy dependence on in situ strategies and necessitates increased development of ex situ approaches. A number of different techniques that enable species and their habitats to survive should now be explored. These could build on the experience of management systems that have already demonstrated the effective integration of in situ and ex situ techniques and hybrid approaches. For organizations specializing in ex situ conservation to become more effective, however, they will require tangible support from the institutions of global biodiversity governance. Resistance is anticipated because in situ conservation is entrenched through powerful groups and organizations that exert influence on global conservation policy and facilitate the flow of funding. The chasm that has traditionally divided in situ and ex situ approaches may diminish as approaches are combined. Moreover, the relentless loss of the ‘wild’ may soon render the in situ / ex situ distinction misleading, or even obsolete.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Botanical gardens, captive breeding, climate change, ex situ, in situ, zoos.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Stuart Harrop
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2011 12:18
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 14:11
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/28221 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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