Perfectionism in adolescent school students: Relations with motivation, achievement, and well-being

Stoeber, J. and Rambow, A. (2007) Perfectionism in adolescent school students: Relations with motivation, achievement, and well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 42 (7). pp. 1379-1389. ISSN 0191-8869. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.10.015

Abstract

Positive conceptions of perfectionism (Stoeber & Otto, 2006) suggest that striving for perfection is associated with positive characteristics and adaptive outcomes. To investigate whether this also holds for adolescent school students, a sample of 121 ninth-graders completed measures of perfectionism at school (striving for perfection, negative reactions to imperfection), perceived parental pressure to be perfect, motivation, school achievement, and well-being. Results showed that negative reactions to imperfection were related to fear of failure, somatic complaints, and depressive symptoms; and perceived parental pressure was related to somatic complaints. In contrast, striving for perfection was related to hope of success, motivation for school, and school achievement. Moreover, striving for perfection showed a negative correlation with depressive symptoms, once the influence of negative reactions to imperfection was partialled out. The findings show that striving for perfection in adolescent school students is associated with positive characteristics and adaptive outcomes and thus may form part of a healthy pursuit of excellence. Negative reactions to imperfection and perceived parental pressure to be perfect, however, are associated with negative characteristics and maladaptive outcomes and thus may undermine adolescents' motivation and well-being.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: perfectionism; adolescence; motivation; fear of failure; hope of success; academic achievement; well-being; depression
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2008 08:30
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2013 16:58
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/2820 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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